A Technical Index to Mobile Video Workflow | Moment Pro Camera App

A simple, yet informative technical index to mobile video workflow for Moment Camera Pro including waveforms, color profiles, and more.

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Mobile Video Workflow

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A Technical Index to Mobile Video Workflow | Moment Pro Camera App
A Technical Index to Mobile Video Workflow | Moment Pro Camera App

Mobile filmmaking is an extensive, yet rewarding creative process with a lot of moving parts. Composing colors profile logs, correctly measuring audio levels, and learning to read your histograms are equally as important for your film as it is the cinematography. Below, we’ve compiled a simple, yet highly informative technical index to mobile video workflow, including the ways in which you can operate them in our app — Moment Pro Camera.

Color Profiles

Color is an incredibly complex subject for both photography and videography. Luckily, color profiles help define what colors we are able to capture with our device and see on our computational displays. For instance — a particular shade of red captured on your camera might look much different than what can be displayed on your computer screen. Color profiles can not only help adjust the subset of colors that cameras can capture and display, but help them keep consistent between the two.

Very important.

Additionally, color profiles are deemed particularly useful for post-processing procedures, as they help increase dynamic range, improve retention, and strike contrast. There are three different color profile logs that you can choose from:

Default refers to the camera's automatic settings to what it thinks is the most natural looking real-time color profile.

Flat refers to the low contrast, high dynamic range that provides a solid base for color grading in post.

Log refers to an even lower contrasted version of a flat color profile. See above.

Thankfully, we’ve got you covered. Select from default, flat, or log color profiles to get the most out of your files in post-processing with Moment Camera Pro’s latest 3.5 update.

A Technical Index to Mobile Video Workflow | Moment Pro Camera App
Raw Light 01 1200
Images courtesy of Canon. See the difference in post?
A Technical Index to Mobile Video Workflow | Moment Pro Camera App

Bitrates

Bitrates refer to the number of bits per second that are transmitted along a digital network. According to HelpEncoding.com’s database: 1 byte consists of 8 bits; video data rates are given in bits per second. The data rate for a video file is the bitrate. So a data rate specification for video content that runs at 1 megabyte per second would be given as a bitrate of 8 megabits per second (8 Mbps).

When choosing what bitrate is best for your mobile workflow, it’s important to consider what device your video will be played on. Various platforms — internet videos, smartphone videos, and tv videos — all greatly vary in bitrate. If you’re a mobile filmmaker, consider a standard 30 or medium 60 bitrates by encoding API to apply VBR bitrate to your media files.

With Moment’s new app update, you can now get precise control over video quality with standard, medium, and high bitrates to choose from.

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Audio Meters

Beautiful cinematography means nothing if bad audio ruins the footage. Engineering excellent sound is an elaborate production that’s often overlooked and under-appreciated in the filmmaking process. 

Correctly setting audio levels in the modern industry means reading important indicators that adjust real-time, precise, dual-channel (when available) audio levels, so you don’t peak or overextend the decibel (dB).

A Technical Index to Mobile Video Workflow | Moment Pro Camera App
A visual example of audio meter(s).

RGB Monitors

RGB (abbreviated for “red”, “green”, and “blue”) refers to a system in which colors are represented on a computer display. Red, green, and blue are the three primary colors that can be combined in various proportions to obtain any particular color range in the visible spectrum.

The value of RGB for both photo and video must be considered to achieve an excellent color retention on screen.

It’s so important that, when not used, compository colors compose dirty and desaturated levels of color on the screen, making the player’s interface ugly and less desirable. Pixelation often occurs under compository users, too, which makes watching films and playing video games that much more difficult. As a result, when using RGB for video — the image is sharper, the colors are more defined, and it’s a much clearer picture overall. Clean and crisp video clips are what filmmakers should strive for.

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Overlap

RGB Histogram

For a mobile filmmaker’s workflow, a color histogram is a representation of the distribution of colors in an image. The histogram can be immensely helpful to know the number of pixels that have colors in each of its ranges for every video frame (note: the histogram changes in a fluid fashion with each frame captured).

RGB histograms and color profiles go hand-in-hand; dial in your video color, balance, and exposure with a live RGB histogram while selecting from default, flat, or log color profiles to get the most out of your files in post-processing.

We’re beyond pleased with Moment Camera Pro’s latest 3.5 update, in which users are now able to select video color, balance, and exposure with our new live RGB histogram. Rad!

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Waveforms

Waveforms are typically used to measure and display the voltage of a media signal in respect to time and space. The level of a video signal typically corresponds to the luminance of an image produced on a screen at the same point in time. The monitor can be used to display the general brightness of a T.V picture or zoom in to show the individual colored lines of the video signal itself.

Waveform histograms are similar to that of RGB, but the main difference is the overall brightness measured. Graphs, as illustrated below, can be used to visualize and observe the level of scientific luminesce within each frame.

A Technical Index to Mobile Video Workflow | Moment Pro Camera App

NTSC vs. PAL

Don’t know what NTSC vs. PAL is? Honestly, don’t worry. Not a lot of people do. Including me, which is why I’ll copy and paste from Diffen.com:

“NTSC and PAL are two types of color encoding systems that affect the visual quality of content viewed on analog televisions and, to a much smaller degree, content viewed on HDTVs. While NTSC delivers a frame rate of 30 frames per second (fps) at an aspect ratio of 720x480, PAL uses a frame rate of 25 fps and a 720x576 aspect ratio.”

And because we’re based in North America, our filmmakers obviously use NTSC. However, having this difference in our App opens diversity in our filmmaking processes, thus making ever FPS available from all over the world. Yay!

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Moment Pro now spans across both photo and video including RAW and full manual controls to easily adjust exposure, ISO, shutter speed, focus, white balance, image format, and key ingredients in great mobile filmmaking like color profiles, bitrates, waveforms, RGB histograms and now both PAL and NTSC frame rates.

Moment Pro Camera - manual camera controls and professional-level video filmmaking, now on your phone. 


Be sure to check out the Moment Camera Pro App!

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